The area of the Forest of Canicella is one of the richest in natural resources -landscape of southern Basilicata. The Wood of Canicella extends in one body over an area of about 400 hectares , in an environment with high naturalness , which lies south -east of the Massif Sirino , creeps up to the lower slopes of the Massif below , nestled between River Sinni and the stream Cogliandrino , overlooking the valley and the dam built at the confluence of the rivers mentioned. Characteristic is the Colonial Fort Mill , at the edge of the forest and of ancient origin , which testifies to the high productivity of this area rich in production processes, populated by neviere , pastures , mills, dairies, shrines and chapels.
The altitude varies from 750 c s.l.m. to 1034 m s.l.m. and has been used ever since as a resource for firewood , hunting , grazing , etc. . , there are many forest trails inside that are used today as nature trails and once used by the Bourbon kings who honored their acquaintances Sirino . Among the many uses there as entertainment at the “Plan Malerba ” as theater outings on Sunday or Easter holidays and / ferragostane , or those that pass through it in search of mushrooms and other delicacies of the undergrowth.
The Wood of Canicella is made up of populations in natural evolution resulting from the previous crop cuts , the structure of aged or abandoned coppice crop with relatively large suckers dominated by beech ( Fagus sylvatica) with participation subject to lower altitudes and sunny Cerro ( quercius cerris) and in the most humid along the banks of the river Sinni along the edges of ditches and tributaries there is the presence of Alder (Alnus cordata) , these are consociano , scattered specimens of holly ( ilex aquifolium) and southernmost area , individual specimens of Chestnut ( castanea sativa) . Inside the forest vegetate also numerous nuclei consist of artificial conifer Digliasia (pseudo tsuga menzieseii ) , black pine ( Pinus nigra) , White Pine ( Pinus strobus ) and white fir ( abies alba) . The beginning I herby consists mainly of bleak nodes in the sunniest areas and ferns ( dryopteris ) and butcher’s broom ( rusus aculeatus ) in the wettest areas , then tends to dwindle with increasing coverage arborera . Within the area equipped for tourist use , there is the presence of specimens of Walnut ( Juglans regia) , Neapolitan alder and Wild Pear ( pyrus pyraster ) in good vegetative condition . Near the same area, still in position south, the component tree leaves placed in a band limited to consortia made up of newly formed shrub -dominated ginestreti broom ( cystus fuck ) and associations of mantle with Blackthorn ( pranus spinosa) , hawthorn ( crataegus monogyna ) , wild rose ( rosa canina) and brambles ( robus SSPP ) in areas of high humidity.
The main the fauna that can be found in the area in question are those of the stag beetle ( Lucanus cervus l.) Which is the largest in Europe beetle , whose larvae feed on rotting logs and the Brown Trout , yet recover in oxygenated waters of the upper course of Sinni . In the mountain beech forest you can catch a glimpse of birds such as redstart , whose male has a avistosa livery with blue head and neck and underparts and tail orange.